Dr. Bowring is the President of Monitoring Analytics. Since 1999, Dr. Bowring has been the Independent Market Monitor for PJM, responsible for all market monitoring activities of PJM Interconnection. He has extensive experience in applied energy and regulatory economics. He has a PhD in Economics from the University of Massachusetts. Dr. Bowring has taught economics as a member of the faculty at Bucknell University and Villanova University. He has served as senior staff economist for the New Jersey Board of Public Utilities and as Chief Economist for the New Jersey Department of the Public Advocate's Division of Rate Counsel. Dr. Bowring has also worked as an independent consulting economist.